China says it has “zero-tolerance policy” on racism, but attacks on Africans are decades behind

Peter Kariuk, another Kenyan user, wrote: “We need a united Africa that will not be enslaved by #blackchina.”

There were a lot of Africans last month Subject to forced coronavirus testing and arbitrary self-isolation for 14 days, Regardless Scores became homeless after being evicted by landlords and rejected by hotels as part of their recent travel history and various virus infection measures.
The incident happened a Rupture In the case of Sino-African relations, the foreign ministries of several African countries – even the African Union – have sought answers from China.

Yet China’s official response stops acknowledging that there was discrimination – or apologizing for it.

“All foreigners are treated equally. We reject discriminatory treatment and we have zero tolerance for discrimination,” said Zhao Lijian, a spokesman for China’s foreign ministry. The Chinese embassy in South Africa is one Statement: “There is no issue of so-called discrimination against Africans in Guangdong province.”

The nationalist tabloid Global Times, controlled by the Chinese Communist Party, went one step further and published an article entitled: “Who is behind the fake news of ‘discrimination’ against Africans in China?”

Ditionally, Beijing has portrayed racism as a Western problem. But for many Africans whose countries have become increasingly entangled economically with Beijing in recent years, the Guangzhou episode opened the gap between official diplomatic warmth in African countries and many Chinese are skeptical of Africans.

And it has been a problem for decades.

There is no racism in China

It was only in 2006 that the West began to really notice and criticize China’s relations with Africa, following a landmark conference that saw an African head of state land in Beijing.

Yet China’s relationship with Africa dates back to the 1950s, when Beijing befriended a newly independent state that established itself as one of the leaders in the developing world, and To deal with US and USSR forces in the Cold War era.

Beijing shared its history of persecution by white imperialists, initially denouncing South Africa’s racism, and China aiding Africa despite being a poor country. In 1968, Beijing spent the equivalent of the billion dollars today to build the Tanzan Railway in Zambia and Tanzania, and in the 1960s Africans began offering full scholarships to Chinese universities.
A Chinese promotional poster promotes the medical aid offered for Africa in the 20th century.

The presence of African students in China was highly unusual.

After the Communist Party came to power in 1949, most foreigners fled China. When a significant number of African students began arriving in the late 1970s, China began to open up to the world. The vast majority of people still live in rural areas and do not have access to the international media and have not seen any black people outside the campaign posters – let alone.

Clashes have been reported across the country since the beginning.

In 1979, Africans in Shanghai were attacked for playing too loud, leading to 19 foreign hospitalizations. After another fax in 1986, this time in Beijing, 200 African students marched across the capital, shouting that “the description of friendship was the mask of racism.” According to a report in the New York Times.

“The Chinese deceived us,” said Solomon of Liberia. Tarde told the newspaper. “We know the truth now. We are going to tell our governments what the truth is. ‘

China’s then Ministry of Education spokesman Said: “Opposing racism is a consistent and long-term policy of the Chinese government. “It simply came to our notice then A statement issued by the Chinese government in response to the Guangzhou incident last month almost echoed the words.

A race riot in China

By 197, a total of 1,500 of China’s 1,000,000 foreign students were African and scattered across campus nationwide – a strategy used by Michael J. Sullivan in China Quarterly magazine in 1994 to reduce ethnic tensions.

But the effort did not work, and anti-black protests erupted in the eastern city of Nanjing on Christmas Eve that year, forcing a crowd of Chinese protesters to flee the African city.

Subsequently, the Chinese government claimed that African students came to a campus dance armed with a knife and beat Chinese guards, teachers and students after they were asked to register their Chinese guests. Jiangsu Provincial Yearbook

According to Sullivan, Africans hold that when they tried to bring a Chinese friend to dance, they were called “Black Devils” and fought against, according to Sullivan.

Any account is true, what happened later has been documented.

Later that night, about 1,000 local students surrounded the African dormitory, spreading rumors that they had left a Chinese woman against her will. Chinese students put bricks through their windows.

After police broke up the scene on Christmas Day, about 70 African students decided to flee campus and walked to the city train station in anticipation of getting to their embassy in Beijing. Dark-skinned foreigners, including Americans, fled for their safety.

In the organization, Rumors spread That Chinese hostage is dead.

Nanjing incident coverage in the New York Times in 1988.
At 8pm on Christmas Day, a crowd of about 6,000 students from various universities in the city started marching to the train station, shouting banners. “Strictly punish the murderer“And” drive out black people.

As soon as the crowd stopped, the police removed all the black paint ShotsStudents at a nearby guesthouse, where several Ghanaian and Gambian students were detained until they were arrested for fighting on campus.

Other Africans returned to campus – and warned to go out at night.

Kaiser Kuo, an American-born Chinese guitarist of the Tang Dynasty rock band and founder of the media group Soup China, was studying at the Beijing University of Language and Culture when Christmas was spent in a dormitory with students from Zambia and Liberia. He remembers hearing about the ethnic riots.

“They were angry at the Africans that perhaps the honor of a Chinese woman had been stolen.” “It’s a matter where rumors have just swelled. When it reached my ears, the version was that a Chinese girl had been raped, when there was no evidence of anything like this happening before.

“As far as I can tell, it was a lot more like an African man asking a Chinese girl.”

Anti-African protests

The Nanjing event was not an outlet. Students in the city of Hangzhou claimed that Africans were carriers of the AIDS virus in 1986, although foreign students had to undergo negative tests for HIV before entering the country, China wrote quarterly.

Then, in January 1969, about 2,000 Beijing students boycotted classes in protest against Africans dating Chinese women – a recurring power rod issue. Uhan that For years, posters appeared around campuses calling Africans “black devils” and urging them to go home.

Kuo recalls: “You know, there was a real concern for this kind of growing xenophobia among African students on college campuses around me.”

This created a problem for Beijing, Soutman wrote, as it undermined China’s credibility as a leader in the developing world – and the hostility returned home without anyone noticing.

The New York Times reported that Chinese students protested overnight in Nanjing after clashes with Africans.

As the African media across the continent expressed outrage over the April 2020 incident in Guangzhou, African newspapers expressed outrage in the 1980s. A Kenyan publication said they were “not accidental”, Soutman wrote. A Liberian newspaper talked about “yellow inequality”. A Nigerian radio station says Chinese students cannot tolerate “Africans” mixing with Chinese girls.

The Chinese ambassador to the Organization of African Unity (OAU), the African Union’s predecessor, was called in to respond to what happened in China, and the OAU secretary-general called it “disguised racist.”

Many African students left China as a result. At the same time, China announced the reduction of interest-free loans to Africa, with the aim of cooling off official relations, although the relationship never broke down.

Soutman, a professor of social sciences at Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, said that when anti-African protests were about the nation in the late 1970s, they were also a way for Chinese students to express broad anti-government sentiments.

“The people who took part in the anti-Africa demo at the time were university students and these students were jealous of African students in some ways,” he said.

Africans usually got them Own roomWhere the Chinese often lived from eight dormitories.

“They considered their lives better than theirs because they received subsidies from their home government and the Chinese government, and they further thought that Africans behaved more independently than allowing Chinese students to perform.”

Is Chinese racism like Western racism?

As China’s contact with the African people has increased in the twenty-first century, the unrealistic gap between Beijing’s public friendship has widened, and the personal suspicions sheltered by its citizens have rekindled moments of ethnic tension.

In 2009, an African-Chinese A Shanghai TV talent show contestant Her skin color has caused a barrage of internet abuse. In an opinion piece conducted by China Daily, columnist Raymond Zho argued that the discrimination stemmed from the fact that “those who worked outside for thousands of years (whose skin was dark and whose skin was inferior to social status) were taken into account”. Than racism
In 2009, an African-Chinese contestant on the Shanghai TV talent show received a barrage of Internet abuse because of her skin color.

“China’s intolerance is largely based on color. To many of my compatriots, it’s no exaggeration to say that the race player’s subconscious is more admirable than ours,” he said.

“(It seems) racism, but on closer inspection it’s not entirely racial. Many of us would look at Chinese people, especially women who are darker in color. Beauty products that claim to whiten the skin are always at a premium. And And kids are regularly praised for having fair skin. “

Recent events, however, have undermined the notion that discrimination against blacks in China is not racism.

In 2016, a Chinese detergent maker sparked international outrage over an ad that showed a black man being whitewashed for drowning an Asian woman. A spokesman for the agency said the Western media was “Very sensitive. “

The following year, a museum in the city of Wuhan apologized for displaying images depicting faces of African people and wild African animals. তারপরে, 2018 সালে, জাতীয় সম্প্রচারকারী সিসিটিভি-র বার্ষিক উদযাপনটি চীনার এক মহিলা কালো চেহারাতে উপস্থিত হওয়ার পরে আকস্মিকভাবে আকৃষ্ট হয়েছিল।

আফ্রিকাতে, যেখানে এটি অনুমান করা হয় যে এখন প্রায় 10 মিলিয়ন চীনা লোকেরা বাস করেন, সেখানে রয়েছে বারবার রিপোর্ট চীনা পুনরুদ্ধারকারীদের এমন অফার স্থাপন যা আফ্রিকানদের নিষিদ্ধ করে।
2018 সালে সিসিটিভিতে বার্ষিক চীনা নববর্ষ উত্সাহের একটি স্থির চিত্র যা একটি চীনা মহিলা কালো মুখে উপস্থিত হওয়ার পরে আকস্মিক হয়েছিল।

“চীন-বর্ণবাদ যেভাবে পশ্চিম বা ইউরোপে কল্পনা করা হয়েছে তাতে বর্ণবাদী কিনা তা নিয়ে একটি ক্লাসিক আলোচনা রয়েছে, বা এটি ভিন্ন ধরণের বৈষম্যমূলক নীতি,” চীন-আফ্রিকা পরিচালনার পরামর্শদাতা কাওরিস এবং রাইসের প্রতিষ্ঠাতা উইনস্লো রবার্টসন বলেছেন। .

“আমার অনুভূতিটি হ’ল এটি বর্ণবাদ। মার্কিন যুক্তরাষ্ট্রে চ্যাটেল দাসত্ব থেকে বেরিয়ে আসা আমরা কি দেখতে পাচ্ছি? না। তবে আপনি যদি বর্ণ সম্পর্কে নিজেকে এমন কোনও বিষয়কে ভিত্তি করে সংজ্ঞায়িত করেন যা আপনি নিজের সম্পর্কে পরিবর্তন করতে পারবেন না, তবে হ্যাঁ এটি বর্ণবাদ is “

করোন ভাইরাস মহামারী চলাকালীন চীনে আফ্রিকানদের বিরুদ্ধে বৈষম্য, তিনি যুক্ত করেছেন, এই ঘটনাটি প্রকাশ করেছে।

এই মাসের শুরুর দিকে, এই সমালোচনাগুলির মুখোমুখি হওয়ার জন্য গুয়াংডংয়ের কর্মকর্তারা হটলাইন স্থাপন সহ জাতিগত বৈষম্য মোকাবেলায় নতুন পদক্ষেপের ঘোষণা দিয়েছেন বিদেশী নাগরিকদের জন্য. নোটিশে বলা হয়েছে যে দোকান, হাসপাতাল, রেস্তোঁরা এবং আবাসিক সম্প্রদায় – যে জায়গাগুলিতে আফ্রিকানদের টার্গেট করা হয়েছিল – তাদের উচিত “কঠোর সমান পরিষেবা দেওয়া”।
আশ্রয় পেতে না পেরে গুয়াংজুতে রাস্তায় ঘুমাচ্ছে আফ্রিকানরা।

তবে পাঁচ বছরের জন্য চীনের দক্ষিণাঞ্চলীয় শহর শেনজেনে বসবাসকারী ঘানিয়ান ব্যবসায়ী পল মেনসাহ বলেছেন, কোভিড -১ p মহামারীতে চীনে আফ্রিকানদের সাথে চিকিত্সা করার কারণে সে দেশে বর্ণবাদী মনোভাব সম্পর্কে তার ধারণাকে রূপ দিয়েছে।

মেনসাহ বলেছেন, “আমি ভেবেছিলাম আমেরিকাতে বর্ণবাদ সহজাত কিন্তু আমি কখনও ভাবিনি যে চীনের লোকেরা এটি করবে।” “যখন তারা (চীনা জনগণ) কোনও কালো মানুষকে দেখবে, তারা আপনার ত্বক স্পর্শ করবে এবং আপনার চুল স্পর্শ করবে এবং আমি ভেবেছিলাম এটি কৌতূহলের বাইরে ছিল কারণ তাদের বেশিরভাগ ভ্রমণ করে না But তবে এটি বর্ণবাদ এবং সেখানে কোনও কিছুই নেই “এর শাস্তি।”

নানজিং দাঙ্গার বিষয়ে গবেষণাপত্রটি লিখেছেন সৌতমান বলেছেন যে চীন যদি বিদেশীদের অপব্যবহার দূরীকরণে গুরুতর হয় তবে তাদের উচিত যারা জাতিগত নির্যাতন ও বৈষম্যকে ঘৃণা করেন তাদের শাস্তি দেওয়া উচিত।

চীনের সংবিধানের Article অনুচ্ছেদে বলা হয়েছে, “চীন প্রজাতন্ত্রের সমস্ত জাতিগোষ্ঠী সমান … যে কোনও জাতিগত গোষ্ঠীর বৈষম্য ও নিপীড়ন নিষিদ্ধ। জাতিগত unityক্যকে ক্ষুন্ন করা এবং জাতিগত বিভেদ সৃষ্টি করা নিষিদ্ধ।”

তবে গুয়াংজুতে আফ্রিকানদের বিরুদ্ধে তাদের কাজকর্মের জন্য লোককে জবাবদিহি করার কোনও খবর পাওয়া যায়নি এবং চীনের নিজস্ব জাতিগত সংখ্যালঘুদের রক্ষা করতে সংবিধানের খুব কম প্রভাব পড়েছে। এটা অনুমান করা হয় যে 2 মিলিয়ন চীনের উইঘুর সংখ্যালঘুদের দেশের উত্তর-পশ্চিমে পুনর্নির্মাণ শিবির অনুষ্ঠিত হচ্ছে।

আইন প্রয়োগকারী আইন-শৃঙ্খলা ছাড়াই সৌতমান বলেছেন যে চীনা জনগণ আফ্রিকানদের সাথে যেভাবে আচরণ করে তা পরিবর্তন করা শক্ত হবে। “বিশ্বে এমন কোনও জায়গা নেই যেখানে জাতিগত বৈষম্য হ্রাস পেয়েছে এই পদক্ষেপ না নিয়ে,” তিনি বলেছেন।

About the author: Dale Freeman

Typical organizer. Pop culture fanatic. Wannabe entrepreneur. Creator. Beer nerd.

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